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CV Writing Tips

 Tips for CV Writing

Keep it relevant to the job you are applying to, employers will not  skim your CV looking for significant information. If the information they need is not immediately                     apparent, they will not look for it.
If you want your CV to be most effective, you should tailor it to the job and organisation you are applying to. You will get lots of information on company websites,                     company literature, job adverts etc. about the 'type' of person working in the organisation and be able to adapt your CV to match this.
Your CV should be a story of what you have been doing in your work life, keep it interesting, you don't want employers to think that you have done nothing exciting!
Don't include things that you did at school, or years ago. Employers are interested in what you are doing now.
Make sure that there are no spelling, grammatical or formatting errors - get as many people as you can find to proof-read your CV.
Do not include contentious information, or information that will lead people to stereotype you.
Do not have unexplained gaps in your work history. If you have been travelling, have had time off to care for a child or relative, put this information in. If you leave it blank,         the employer will assume the worst!
Keep it as short as you can - preferably to two sides of A4 paper (make sure the paper is good quality)
 
Outside Resume
Resume Format
Always have a .doc (Microsoft Word) format and .txt format of your resume with you. When you are filling your resume in websites, you need the text format and when you are sending resume through mail, it's better to send the .doc format. Few companies may ask specifically for .rtf format. In such case, you don't have an option anyway. 
 
Resume Size
Try to see to it that the .doc resume file size is less than 100 KB. 
 
Resume File Name 
Don't give some junk names as file name for the resume. If you keep use junk names, there is every possibility that your mail will travel to bulk/trash folder of recruiter. Your resume's file name should ideally denote your name, experience, technology, years of experience and company name. Keep some valid name for your resume.
Example: Resume_Radha_J2EE_3 Years_Tecnopark.doc
Example: Resume_radha_FRESHER_B.E._Computers.doc 
 
Exclusive Mail IDs
Use only one (or maximum of 2) mail Ids exclusively for the purpose of recruitments. Do NOT use those mail Ids for any other purpose (Especially you should not use it for subscribing to any GROUP mails or FORWARD mails). 
 
Standard Mail Service Providers 
You must be careful about the service providers in which you open a mail account. Don't use the mail Ids/accounts from non-standard service providers. If they disconnect services suddenly, your mail ID fails and you need to resend resumes with new mail Id to all the companies you have already applied. So, always try to create mail Ids with standard service providers.
Choose both mail Ids from different mail service providers. In case, if one service provider experiences technical problems, you can use the other service provider. 
 
Mail Space
Always see to it that at least 50 % of your mailbox size is free. Delete unnecessary mails periodically. 
 
Send from same mail ID 
While sending the resume, preferably send it from the mail ID you have mentioned in your resume. 
 
Always keep a copy 
While sending the resume, always keep a CC/BCC to your mail ID (or at least keep your sent items ON) so that you will know whether the resume is attached properly and/or whether it's travelling to bulk mail folder. 
 
Subject Line 
If the company mentions that a specific 'Job Code' has to be written in Subject Line, write that. If nothing specific, then give a proper subject line for your mail.
 
Tips for CV Writing
Covering Letters
Covering letters are also difficult things to write. General advice would be if responding to an advertisement:
Observe the custom for writing business letters, with your address on the top right and the recipient's address under this on the left.
Always address a person (you can phone the organisation to ask who to address your Covering Letter to).
If the job advert has minimum educational or experience requirements, mention that you have these requirements in your Covering Letter.
Never say that the company can benefit you, say how you can benefit the company and give an example of where you have benefited a company in the past.
Keep the Covering Letter short, employers often do not have the time to read long Covering Letters, should be one Side of A4.
The Covering letter should have a polite, friendly, yet formal tone.
Always try to include a "short" covering letter just containing your experience, current location, contact details (address & phone number) current company name,                     technology you are working in. Don't write too long covering letters. No HR will spend time on reading your long letters. 
Don't make the resume and covering letter  too long. Keep it short & sweet. It should be less than 3 pages (and up to a maximum of 4). The HR will hardly have 1                   minute to glance at your resume. He won't have the time to read story-like resume. So, be precise, clear and straight to the point.
Better use bullets for mentioning important points.
 
Check BULK mail folder 
 
Check the BULK mail folder before blindly emptying it. Many people lost call letters because of it. 
Inside Resume
Header & Footer !
 
Always have a header & footer in your resume. Header can contain a simple heading of your resume. Footer should preferably contain the page number.
First Page is the best page to convey all about you!
Typically the HR expects all the important details in the first page. He receives hundreds of resumes and hardly gets 2 minute to look at your resume and so he won't bother to search your resume for the required details, if the details are not found in his first glance at your resume. 
 
The first page of resume must contain the following things:
Personal Details: Full Name, Date of Birth, Passport Number. 
Current Contact Details: Full Contact Address, Contact Phone Numbers, Mail ID & Alternate Mail ID.
Work Experience Summary: All the companies you have worked so far, Company Address, Website, Dates of Duration in each Company. Don't assume that everyone           knows about your company. (You can highlight if your current company has any good quality levels like CMM/CMMI) 
Job Responsibilities: Your job profile in your past companies. For example, you should highlight that you are working as 'Module Leader leading a team of 6 people' in          your current company. 
Skill Set Summary: Highlight all the technologies you know well. Don't include any technologies you have not worked on. 
Certifications: Include any relevant certifications you have. That gives you an edge over other Education Details Summary: Your Post Graduation, Graduation, Intermediate, 10 th details, Aggregate Percentage, Year of Pass out (Most important). 
 
Contact Details at the top, not at bottom ! 
Contact Details should be at the top of resume, not at the bottom. Never include the contact details in Header or Footer. They won't be visible properly. 
 
Always provide an alternate mail ID ! 
Always provide an 'Alternate Mail Id' also (in case your original mail Id fails, it will be useful). 
Do NOT give more than 2 mail Ids in resume. The recruiters as well as you will get confused which mail Id to send/receive call letters. 
 
No one can save you if your Mail ID fails ! 
Check the mail Ids you provided in CV by sending a trial mail. If the mail Id fails when HR sends you call letter, no one can save you in this world. No HR will resend the call letter if your mail ID fails. 
 
Never use official mail ID ! (for Experienced people) 
Never use official mail ID or official phone number in the resume. You must always provide the Personal mail Id & Personal mobile/Phone Number. You can give the official mail ID for reference at the end the resume.
 
Spell Check!
Always perform a spell check and grammar check on the resume. You don't deserve a job if you can't write your resume without mistakes. There is nothing wrong in getting your resume reviewed by someone else. They might catch the mistakes that your eyes can never detect. 
 
Educational details are important ! 
People (especially experienced people) think that they don't need to give the educational details. But they are important. If not all details, at least give the highest qualification, college/university name and aggregate percentage. 
 
Reverse Chronological order
Your latest job profile is more important than your first one. So, always write the details in reverse chronological order (start with the latest) especially when you are listing previous company details or educational qualification details.
 
Avoid Irrelevant Details ! 
Write straight to the point and only the details relevant to the job. (You don't need to include your family tree or how many children you have or what your wife does.)
 
Do not write stereotype sentences like 'I am sincere, intelligent, hardworking' etc. That's childish. Who in this world is not hardworking by the way? 
 
Use simple Language ! 
Use simple English. You don't need to write complex jargon in the resume. 
 
Write the Crux of Projects !
Don't write all about your projects. That will make the resume very lengthy. Write only the crux of the information. Following details would be enough.
Project Name, Team Size, Client Name, Duration of Project. Short description of project (Not more than 4  to 5 lines). Your role in project (This is  important). Technologies used in project. 
 
You should convey where you want to work! 
Always include the following clearly in resume:
'Current Location' (mandatory). I have seen resumes in which there is no clue of where they are working currently. How can they expect a call letter ? 'Desired Location' (if you have a preference). Anyway fresher typically will not have a choice for the desired location. They better not to include it. 
 
Experience ! 
Project Training done in your final academic year does not come under professional work experience. You can mention it, but not under 'Work Experience' section. Always highlight your onsite (customer interaction experience) in your resume. That give you an edge over others.
 
Salary Details 
Better not to include current & expected compensation details in resume. You can convey them when you are asked to provide them during interview. 
 
Other point 
Avoid unwanted graphics: Either in resume or the covering letter, avoid jazzy graphic images, emoticons or multiple colours. Avoid jazzy fonts: Preferably use some professional font (Arial or Times or Verdana) and use the same across. Use same font size across the resume (except for headings). Don't write each line in a different font and size. However, you can use some decent shades (preferably gray colour), to highlight important information. That makes the resume to look good when a printout is taken. Do not include any photos in the resume unless specifically asked by the employer.